Newtown Battlefield State Park
Newtown Battlefield Reservation State Park is on a hill just southeast of the City of Elmira, NY, and was the site of the only battle between the Continental Army and British, Loyalist, and Iroquois troops during the Sullivan Campaign invasion of the Finger Lakes in 1779. In the 1930s during the Great Depression, the Civilian Conservation Corps ran a camp at the park building roads, a picnic shelter, and other park facilities. Like much of the nation as a whole, CCC camps were segregated and there were a number of "colored camps," including the one at Newtown. Most, however, were run by white officers. But the Newtown Camp was one of only two CCC camps run by African American officers, the other having been at Gettysburg, PA. Find out more about the Civilian Conservation Corps in the Finger Lakes region in two episodes our of our show, Walk in the Park, "Civilian Conservation Corps in the Finger Lakes, Part 1 and Part 2."
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